What employment rights have I got?


 What rights do I have?

Not all rights of an employee start on the first day but only begin after you have been employed after certain lengths of time.

Rights when you apply for a job

You should not be discriminated against because of your sex, race, nationality, disability, age, sexual orientation, religion, because you are transgender or because you are a trade union member.

Rights from your first day at work

 i.   You should be given a written particulars stating how much you earn.

ii.   You have a right not to have deductions (apart from income tax and National Insurance) made from your pay unless you have agreed to them.

iii.   If you have agreed to deductions the particulars should state the deductions that will be made from your pay.

iv.   If you are paying National Insurance contributions, you can claim Statutory Sick Pay after you have been off sick for 4 days in a row.

v.   You have the right not to be discriminated against for reasons of your sex (including being pregnant), your race, sexual orientation, religion, disability, age, on the grounds of being transgender, or for being a member of a trade union.

vi.  You have a right to the same pay as members of the opposite sex doing the same or a similar job as you.

vii.    You have a right to 52 weeks’ maternity leave (even if you were pregnant when you started the job).

viii.    If you are pregnant, you have the right to take time off for medical appointments.

ix.     If you have unexpected family emergencies, you have the right to take unpaid leave to deal with them.

x.  If the majority of employees want it you have the right for your trade union to be recognised by the employer to negotiate your working conditions.

xi.   You have the right to take a trade union representative or fellow worker into a disciplinary or grievance hearing.

xii. You can sue for damages for breach of contract if your employer sacks you without the agreed notice, or breaks some other term.

xiii. You have the right not to be dismissed on some limited grounds including whistle-blowing, pregnancy, and trade union activity.

xiv. To be paid not less than the National Minimum Wage;

xv.  The right not to work excessive hours – working time rights (including breaks, paid holidays and a limit on the working week);

xvi.   he right to health and safety protection in the workplace;

Rights after 1 month

 i.    The right to 1 week’s notice of the termination of your employment.

 ii.   You must be paid if you are suspended for medical reasons.

 iii.   You must be paid wages if you are laid off.

Rights after 8 weeks

You have a right to a written statement of your terms of employment. This must state your pay, working hours, holidays and other benefits such as a pension entitlement and where you are expected to work.

Rights after 1 year

You have the right not to be unfairly dismissed if your employer sacks you for no good reason, or without following the correct procedure. You are also entitled to written reasons for dismissal from your employer.

Rights after 2 years

You have a right to a redundancy payment if you are made redundant. The amount depends on your age, your pay and your length of service.